Paul Sandifer

Director, Center for Coastal Environmental and Human Health


Ph.D., Marine Science, University of Virginia, 1972

Research Interests

  • Connections between ocean health and human health
  • Biodiversity, ecosystem services and human well-being
  • Coastal ecology
  • Aquaculture
  • Ocean policy

Current and planned research projects

  • Mechanisms by which exposure to coastal environments and biodiversity may enahnce human health and well-being
  • Development of community health observing system framework for the Gulf of Mexico
  • Stress-associated health effects related to degraded ecosystem services
  • Oceans and Human Health – interdisciplinary activities


  • Denson, M. R., P.A. Sandifer, J. W. Leffler, J. Yost, D. W. Bearden, and T. R. Zeigler. 2018  (published on line 2017).  Demonstration that feeds containing <1% fish meal can support growout of large juvenile red drum, Sciaenops ocellatus, and reduce nutrient waste. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 49(1): 141-154. Doi: 10.1111/jwas.12421.
  • Greenfield, D.I, Moore, J., Stewart, J., Hilborn, E.D., George, B.J., Lin, Q., Keppler, C.K. and Sandifer, P.A. 2017. Temporal and environmental factors driving the occurrences of Vibrios vulnificus and V. parahaemolyticus and associations with harmful algal blooms in South Carolina detention ponds and receiving tidal creeks. GeoHealth 1: 306-317.
  • Casu, F., A. M. Watson, J. Yost, J.W. Leffler, T.G. Gaylord, F. T. Barrows, P.A. Sandifer, M.Denson, and D.W. Beardens. 2017.  Metabolomics analysis of commercial soy-based protein products in red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus).  J. Proteome Res. Doi: 10.1021/acs.jproteome.7b00074.
  • Sandifer, P. A., L. C. Knapp, T. K. Collier, A. L. Jones, R.-P. Juster, C. R. Kelble, R. K. Kwok, J. V. Miglarese, L. A. Palinkas, D. E. Porter, G. I. Scott, L.M. Smith, W. C. Sullivan, and A. E. Sutton-Grier. 2017. A conceptual model to assess stress-associated health effects of multiple ecosystem services degraded by disaster events in the Gulf of Mexico and elsewhere. GeoHealth, 1: 17-36.  DOI: 10.1002/2016GH000038.
  • Paranjpye, R. N., W. B. Nilsson, M. Liermann, E.D. Hilborn, B. J. George, Q. Li, B.D. Bill, V. L. Trainer, M. S. Strom, and P. A. Sandifer.  2015.  Environmental influences on the seasonal distribution of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in the Pacific Northwest of the U.S.  FEMS Microbiology Ecology.  DOI:10.1093/femsec/fiv121.
  • Sandifer, P.A., A.E. Sutton-Grier, and B.P. Ward. 2015. Exploring connections among nature, biodiversity, ecosystem services, and human health and well-being: opportunities to enhance health and biodiversity conservation. Ecosystem Services 12:1-15. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoser.2014.12.007.
  • Halpern, B. S., J. Diamond, S. Gaines, S. Gelcich, M. Gleason, S. Jennings, S. Lester, A. Mace, L. McCook, K. McLeod, N. Napoli, K. Rawson, J. Rice, A. Rosenberg, M. Ruckelshaus, B. Saier, P. Sandifer, A. Sholtz, A. Zivian.  2012.  Near-term priorities for the science, policy and practice of Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning (CMSP).  Marine Policy 36:198-205.
  • Fautin, D., P. Dalton, L. Incze, J-A Leong, C. Pautzke, A. Rosenberg, P. Sandifer, G. Sedberry, J. Tunnel, I. Abbott, R. Brainard, M. Brodeur, L. Eldredge, M. Feldman, F. Moretzsohn, P. Vroom, M. Wainstein, and N. Wolff.  2010.  An overview of marine biodiversity in United States waters. PlosOne. 5(8):e11914.
  • Foley, M.M., B. S. Halpern, F. Micheli, M. H. Armsby, M. R. Caldwell, C. M. Crain, E. Prahler, D. Sivas, N. Rohr, M.W. Beck, M.H. Carr, L. B. Crowder, J. E. Duffy, S. D. Hacker, K. McLeod, C. H. Peterson, H. M. Regan, M. H. RUckelshaus, P. A. Sandifer, R. S. Steneck. 2010. Guiding ecological principles for marine spatial planning. Marine Policy 34(5):955-966.
  • Palumbi, S. R., P. A. Sandifer, J. D. Allan, M. W. Beck, D. G. Fautin, M. J. Fogarty, B. S. Halpern, L. S. Incze, J-A. Leong, E. Norse, J. J. Stachowicz, and D. H. Wall. 2009. Managing for ocean biodiversity to sustain marine ecosystem services. Front Ecol Environ 2009; 7(4): 204-211.